Isolation And Identification Of Halophilic Bacteria Producing Halotolerant Protease
Journal: Science Heritage Journal | Galeri Warisan Sains (GWS)
Author: Nadiah Syuhada Abd Samad, Azura Amid, Dzun Noraini Jimat and Nurul Aqilah Ab. Shukor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Halotolerant proteases are known as one of the important groups of enzymes that have been used widely in various industries. However, high production cost of proteases in term of energy used for sterilization and high risk of microbial contamination during fermentation become the obstacles during upstream processing. Moreover, proteases that capable to withstand with harsh conditions of salinity, temperature and pH are required in industry. Therefore, this study presents newly isolated halophilic bacteria producing halotolerant proteases. Halophilic bacteria were isolated from fermented fish sauce. Screening of the bacteria producing halotolerant protease enzymes was carried out by using skim milk salt agar containing 10% NaCl at pH 7 and incubated under aerobic condition at 37oC for 2 days. The selected isolates were identified based on their morphology followed by 16S rDNA gene sequence analysis. 40 colonies of halophiles bacteria were isolated, however, only 20 of them showing proteolytic activity. All of 20 isolates are motile and gram positive bacteria. From 20 isolates, only 6 were chosen for further analysis. B7 showed the highest proteolytic activity compared with others. Results of 16S rDNA gene sequence analysis showed 98% homology to Bacillus amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum strain FZB42. Therefore, B7 is identified as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain B7.